Half of Canada is covered with different types of trees from Spruce to Pine, and arborists help manage them by providing tree services like removal, maintenance, and disease management.
Spruce is one of the most populous trees in Canada. Spruce trees have flexible pine needles that are centered around each twig and are soft to the touch.
The spruce tree grows in areas with a degree of moisture and a lot of sun light. While they can still grow in dry, low sun areas, it’s much slower. Spruce also comes in different colors, such as Douglas fir, western red cedar, white spruce, and black spruce. Arborists trim and prune trees to spur even growth, and their tree services play an important role in managing environmental conservation efforts. If tree maintenance is not possible, it can always be cut down.
Pine trees are also found in Canada. Pines have needles instead of leaves that are thin, narrow, and pointy. They have an ornamental look and tend to grow with an asymmetrical crown with the help of full sunlight and average moisture levels. Pine trees tend to grow in mountainous region and create an attractive canopy of yellow and green colors when fully grown. Sphaeropis sapinea is just one of the diseases that affect pine trees and can kill it in just a couple months if there is no intervention from a professional tree service.
Sugar Maple is the tree on the Canadian flag. It comes in a variety of right colors from red to green to orange. Sugar maple trees prefer moist, well-drained, fertile soil and a lot of sunlight to grow at a rate of 2 feet per year. Sugar maples can grow up to 75 feet high and have a canopy of up to 50 feet wide. The average lifespan of the tree is more than 300 years.
Eastern White Cedar trees also known as arborvitae can grow up to 40 feet high. The crown is cone-shaped and thick with curved branches and limbs. The coloring of the trees leaves is yellow and green, and male and female flowers bloom on separate twigs. Eastern white cedars are most common in Northwestern Ontario due to the nutrient-rich soil and average moisture content.
Sub Alpine Fir trees are found in the Rocky Mountains and also parts of Canada. Sub alpine firs grow up to 165 feet in height and have a long thin appearance, tapering to a point at the peak. The leaves on this evergreen are greenish blue with a shiny top layer. Its growth rate is slow, and the lifespan can be upwards of half a century. Full or partial sun and a medium level of moisture in clay-based soil will allow for optimal growing conditions. Interestingly, these trees are often used for Christmas displays.
Although there are many different tree types and a large volume them growing across the region, it is important to protect the trees because of their many benefits. Trees provide fresh oxygen and a natural habitat for birds and other wildlife that are needed to keep nature in balance.